9 子句 9.1 名詞子句

名詞子句  Noun Clauses                               
 Jessie Lin   P.1

 

A. 定義:一個名詞子句是一個非獨立子句,整個子句當作一個名詞用,通常會是一個

獨立子句的一部份。常會是句子的主詞會受詞。也會放在特定形容詞與名詞的後面。

種類:名詞子句有that子句,if/whether子句,疑問詞子句三種。

 

1.that
子句

that帶領的子句,語意清楚時可以省略that,然而假如that在句首時一定不能省。

 

位置that子句的位置可放在不同的地方

a.     在獨立子句的最前面當主詞

That
Earth is getting warmer is certain.

 

b.     在獨立子句的動詞後面當受詞

The
catalog states that science courses requires laboratory period.

 

c.     在特定形容詞後面。如:happy, glad, proud, pleased, upset, worried, certain, surprised, sure等。

The
class was surprised that the instructor canceled the final exam.

 

d.     在特定名詞後面。如:idea, theory, thought, claim, assertion, statement, belief, notion,
opinion
等。

No
one believed Galileo’s theory that Earth revolves around the sun.

 

e.     將名詞子句放在句首對英語系人士來說不是很自然,所以常會把that子句在句首的改為一個由it帶領的句子,而常會是被動語態,尤其在學術寫作時。然而也可以是主動語態。

It
is certain that Earth is getting warmer.

It
is believed that carbon dioxide is responsible for global warming.

It
has been proven that the world’s deserts are expanding.

Many
scientists believed that carbon dioxide is responsible for global warming.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

名詞子句  Noun Clauses                               
 Jessie Lin   P.2

 

2.
If/Whether
子句:

if whether為首的子句。Whetherif正式。or not可加在whether子句之後或whether子句句尾,不能加在if後面,但可以加在if子句的句尾。

 

The patient wanted to know whether Dr. Chen
practices acupuncture.

The patient wanted to know whether or not Dr. Chen
practices acupuncture.

The patient wanted to know whether Dr. Chen
practices acupuncture or not.

The patient wanted to know if Dr. Chen practices
acupuncture.

The patient wanted to know if Dr. Chen practices
acupuncture or not.

 

Whether/If子句是一個陳述,而非問句,所以不能有助動詞。假如是從Yes/No問句改過來時,必須把詞序從疑問句改為陳述句。注意動詞的變化與助動詞的省略。

Is the test easy?

The students want to know if the test is easy.

Does he know the answer?

I want to know whether he knows the answer.

 

3.
疑問詞子句:

疑問詞子句是用疑問詞如who, what, when, where, why, how
much, how
等所帶領的子句。疑問副詞可能為子句的主詞,或為非主詞。假如疑問副詞為主詞,則不須改詞序,然而假如非主詞時,必須將詞序從疑問句改為陳述句的句型,省略必要的助動詞,或改變動詞。

The police do not know who committed the robbery.

The police do not know when the robbery happened.

 

What time is it?

Please tell me what time it is.

How did the robbers enter the apartment?

The police want to know how the robbers entered the
apartment.

How did the robbers enter the apartment?

The victims did not know how the robbers had entered
the apartment.

 

注意事項:

1. 名詞子句的前後一定沒有逗號。

2. 名詞子句不會影響句子的標點符號,假如句子為陳述句,則其後加句號,疑問句則加問號。

 

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2 thoughts on “9 子句 9.1 名詞子句

    • where, 要找的應該是形容詞子句,下面的連結,或只看下面我摘要出來的部分也可以:)

      http://jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com/2010/10/04/wb-l11-chapter-14-adjective-clauses-形容詞子句-2/

      where用在行容詞子句表達地點時,相當於”方位介系詞+which”,介系詞不可省。
      That’s the library where she works.
      That’s the library in which she works.
      That’s the library which she works in.
      That’s the library that she works in.
      That’s the library she works in.
      所以假如一個形容詞子句中沒有介系詞時,只能which時,不能用where。
      例如合併下列兩個句子時,第一個句子的形容詞子句不可用where。
      I was born in Taipei. Taipei is the capital city of Taiwan.
      I was born and grew up in Taipei, which is the capital city of Taiwan.
      Taipei, where I was born and grew up, is the capital city of Taiwan.

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