現在式與過去式什麼時候用 do does / did 造問句 什麼時候用 am is are / was were 造問句

因為蠻多人都會弄不清楚什麼時候用 do does 造問句,什麼時候用 am is are 造問句。昨天下課前才又被同學問到,把這個做成影片,希望有解釋的比較清楚,也一起把昨天上課的過去式放上來。

 

 

Do/Does/Am/Is/Are/Did/Was/Were

助動詞DO/DOES與AM/IS/ARE 造問句時的用法與區別

He is at work.              現在簡單式

He works from 9 to 5.   現在簡單式

He is working.              現在進行式

英文造問句與改否定的時候都需要一個助動詞,這個助動詞依主詞,表達的時態,表達的語態會有所不同。造問句的時候要把助動詞放到主詞前面,造否定把not放到助動詞後面。 要決定用do/does還是am/is/are造問句,首先要看句子本身有沒有一般動詞,如果有一般動詞就用do/does,沒有的話就用am/is/are。再來看人稱,再決定用的是do或does,是am, is, 還是are。

現在簡單式的句型可分兩種,句子裡有一般動詞的時候,用do/does造問句。句子裡沒有一般動詞,有am/is/are的時候,用am/is/are造問句。

一般動詞:主詞+動詞原型 (第三人稱單數加s)

S     +     V1

I/You/We/They work.

I don’t work.

Where do you work?

Do your parents work?

 

He/She/It works.

He doesn’t work.

Where does he work?

Does your mother work?

 

BE動詞 :主詞+現在式BE動詞 +名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語

S + BE1 + noun/adjective/preposition phrase

I am a teacher.

I’m not an engineer.

Where am I?

Am I tall?

 

He/She/It is happy.

She isn’t tired.

Why is he happy?

Is he handsome?

 

We/You/They are at home.

They aren’t at work.

Where are the kids? Are they at home?

 

現在進行式的句型因為本身就有BE動詞,所以就用BE動詞來造問句與改否定。

S  +  BE1 + V-ing

I am cooking.

I am not studying.

What am I doing?

Am I dreaming?

 

He/She/It is dancing.

He isn’t working.

How is he doing?

Is he sleeping?

 

We/You/They are singing.

They aren’t sleeping.

Why are they singing?

Are they crying?

 

過去式也是如此推斷,過去簡單式就用did或was/were造問句,過去進行式用was/were造問句。 。現在完成式用have/has,過去完成式用had。未來式用am/is/are或will。不同語態就用不同的助動詞如:would, could, can, may, …等。

 

 

用正確的助動詞am/is/are或do/does造問句

a

可以先看句子裡面有沒有一般動詞,比方說第三句,有use這個一般動詞,再看主詞,主詞為you,所以用do造問句:Do you use a computer every day? 假如像第四句,有一般動詞smoke,主詞是第三人稱單數your brother,則用does造問句。Does your brother smoke?

b

句子裡面假如沒有一般動詞,但是有形容詞lazy, hardworking,或者是名詞a noisy city等其他詞性,這時候,看主詞不同,用am, is are造問句。you的be動詞是are,所以第一句是Are you lazy or hardworking? 第二句主詞Taipei就相當於it,所以be動詞用is,問句為Is Taipei a noisy city?

c

句子裡面假如有一般動詞,但是後面是加了ing的現在分詞,那麼表示是現在進行式,所以要用be動詞造問句。如第五句,有現在分詞living,這時候要用be動詞造問句,主詞是your father,所以相當於he,用is造問句。Is your father living abroad?

d

假如不知道詞性的話,最好的方式是查字典,因為像tired累, busy忙,這種中文感覺像動詞的字在英文其實都是形容詞喔。

e. 最後切記切記,be動詞am/is/are本身就是動詞,所以不會跟一般動詞的原形同時出現,絕對不要把他們放在一起啊:)

 

 

 

  1. you / lazy or hardworking
  2. Taipei / a noisy city
  3. you / use the computer every day
  4. your brother / smoke
  5. your father/living abroad (住國外)
  6. your parents/ generous or stingy (大方或小氣)
  7. the weather/ terrible today
  8. you / sleep naked  (裸睡)
  9. your friends / smart
  10. your classmates / sitting now
  11. your mother / work in a bank
  12. your blood type / A  (血型)
  13. you / have a  pet
  14. your classmates / naughty    (淘氣)
  15. Jay Chou / a top model   (名模)
  16. your English teacher / helpful
  17. your shoes / new
  18. your best friend / married
  19. you / a careless person  (粗心大意的人)
  20. you / reading a good book at the moment
  21. your mother / cook dinner for you
  22. President Ma / busy
  23. you / over 18 years old
  24. English / easy or difficult for you
  25.  you / in a good mood today   (好心情)

 

 

Answer Keys

1 Are you lazy or hardworking?

2 Is Taipei a noisy city?

3 Do you use the computer every day?

4 Does your brother smoke?

5 Is your father living abroad?

6 Are your parents generous or stingy?

7 Is the weather terrible today?

8 Do you sleep naked?

9 Are your friends smart?

10 Are your classmates sitting now?

11 Does your mother work in a bank?

12 Is your blood type A?

13 Do you have a pet?

14 Are your classmates naughty?

15 Is Jay Chou a top model?

16 Is your English teacher helpful?

17 Are your shoes new?

18 Is your best friend married?

19 Are you a careless person?

20 Are you reading a good book at the moment?

21 Does your mother cook dinner for you?

22 Is President Ma busy?

23 Are you over 18 years old?

24 Is English easy or difficult for you?

25 Are you in a good mood today?

 

過句簡單式造問句 did 或 was were

 

Past Tense was/were/did

英文的句子一定要有主詞跟動詞。

過去簡單式的句型如下

一般動詞                    : S + V2      I got up early this morning.

沒有一般動詞( be 動詞) : S + was/were + 名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語   He was worried.

1 肯定句:有一般動詞時用動詞的過去式V2                       I came to class late.

沒有一般動詞的句子,要有Be2 (was, were)        I was late for class.

2 疑問句:有一般動詞用did造問句,動詞改為原型。          Did you come to class late?

沒有一般動詞時,則用Be2(was, were)造問句。   Were you late for class?

 

過去進行式

1 肯定句:S + was/were + V-ing    She was taking a shower when I called.

2 疑問句:Was/Were + S + V-ing?  Were you taking  a shower when I called?

Was she taking a shower when I called?

I/he/she/it  was + V-ing, You/We/They  were + V-ing.

這是個練習的活動,要找到有做這件事的人可以用yes/no問題來問。所以把下面的句子都改成 yes/no 問題,有一般動詞就用 did 造問句,沒有一般動詞,句子就會有 was/were,就用 was/were 造問句。

比方說

Find someone who …

drank coffee this morning.

Did you drink coffee this morning?

 

was sick last week.

Were you sick last week?

 

 

Find someone who…

1took the MRT to school today.

Did you take the MRT to school today?

2was tired when he/she got up this morning.

Were you tired when you got up this morning?

3was in class last time.

Were you in class last time?

4worked overtime last week.

Did you work overtime last week?

5chatted online last night.

Did you chat online last night?

6was good at math when he/she was a child.

Were you good at math when you were a child.

7ate out last night.

Did you eat out last night?

8was born in Taipei.

Were you born in Taipei?

9was worried last week.

Were you worried last week?

10went to a wedding last month.

Did you go to a wedding last month?

11posted pictures on Facebook last week.

Did you post pictures on Facebook last week?

12brought more than NT$1,000 with him/her.

Did you bring more than NT$1,000 with you?

13drank pearl milk tea last month.    bubble tea

Did you drink pearl milk tea last month?

14took a shower this morning.

Did you take a shower this morning?

15was at home yesterday morning.

Were you at home yesterday morning?

16came to class late today.

Did you come to class late today?

 

Find someone who…

1took the MRT to school today.

2was tired when he/she got up this morning.

3was in class last time.

4worked overtime last week.

5chatted online last night.

6was good at math when he/she was a child.

7ate out last night.

8was born in Taipei.

9was worried last week.

10went to a wedding last month.

11posted pictures on Facebook last week.

12brought more than NT$1,000 with him/her.

13drank pearl milk tea last month.

14took a shower this morning.

15was at home yesterday morning.

16came to class late today.

答案:

1Did you take the MRT to school today?

2Were you tired when you got up this morning?

3Were you in class last time?

4Did you work overtime last week?

5Did you chat online last night?

6Were you good at math when you were a child?

7Did you eat out last night?

8Were you born in Taipei?

9Were you worried last week?

10Did you go to a wedding last month?

11Did you post pictures on Facebook last week?

12Did you bring more than NT$1,000 with you?

13Did you drink pearl milk tea last month?

14Did you take a shower this morning?

15Were you at home yesterday morning.

16Did you come to class late today?

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