used to do 跟 be used to doing 的用法與不同

直播的好處就真的是 YouTube 上傳超級宇宙無敵快。而且潔西也不會一直重錄,不然真的很機車的潔西有時候錄到一半很不滿意,都三十分鐘了還重錄,真的是很暈倒。

其實這文法真的不難,不知道為什麼很多人一直弄不清楚一直問問題,可能是因為老師當習慣了,大部分都覺得不難,其實對學生來講可能容易弄混淆。大概前面幾分鐘就可以了解大概的文法,中間講很多的例子,然後可以自己先做下面的翻譯練習再對答案,或者是做完後看影片的 45分的地方開始講解答案。先這樣囉。晚安睡覺去。補光棍節快樂! Happy Singles Day!

練習1

1 他很緊張因為他不習慣在大眾面前說話。
2 他從前是在義大利餐廳工作嗎?
3 我喝汽水就好了。我不習慣喝酒。
4 我從前騎摩托車上學,但是我現在搭捷運。
5 我從前習慣晚起,但是因為我現在每星期天早上都有課,我必須早起。剛開始我很不習慣早起。但是我現在已經習慣早起了。
6 我從前睡覺前都喝一杯紅酒,但是我現在喝威士忌。
7 你小時候很調皮嗎?
8 我從前每個夏天都去游泳,但是我現在太忙了,我很久沒去游泳了。
9 我以前留長頭髮。在我剛剪短髮時很不習慣,但是我現在已經習慣留短頭髮了。
10 我現前從來不喝咖啡,但是我現在一天喝十杯咖啡。

 

 

 

used to do 跟 be used to doing 的用法與不同

這兩個片語的用法很多人常常會弄混淆,因為有點像,但是實際上用法跟動詞的接續都是不同的。先看一下下面這段文字:

 

I used to stay up late until 2 or 3 a.m.  However, I started a new job two months ago, and now I have to get to work at 7 a.m. At first, I had a difficult time getting up early, but now I’m used to getting up early.

 

我以前都熬夜到凌晨兩三點。然而,在兩個月前我有了個新工作,現在我必須要七點上班。剛開始,我很難早起,但是現在我已經習慣於早起。

 

 

把大家弄的霧傻傻的 used to do 跟 be used to doing 是兩個長的很像的片語,很多人都會弄混淆。 I used to get up early. 跟 I’m used to getting up early. 這兩句的意思差很多喔。

 

I used to get up early. 這句的意思是我過去經常早起。但是可能我現在早上都沒課,所以都不早起了。用來表示過去經常做的事現在不這麼做了,是過去簡單式,用來表示過去的習慣,過去的事實,但現在不是這樣了。中文說過去常…,過去曾經…,從前…等。這句的 used to 的 to 是不定詞,所以這個用法後面加的是動詞原型。

 

I used to wear contact lenses.  contacts

I used to go to a pub every weekend.

I used to like horror movies, but I never watch them now.

In the past, I often wear contact lenses. I don’t wear contact lenses anymore.

I usually wear contacts.

 

I’m used to getting up early. 這句的意思是我習慣了早起。這個句型用在可能一開始不熟,不習慣的事情,因為常做或者是時間久了的關係,慢慢熟悉,習慣了。 be動詞加上 used to 合起來的片語,可以用在不同時態,這裏的 to 是介系詞,介系詞後面一定要加名詞,所以面要加的是動詞原型加上 ing 的動名詞。也可以加名詞。

be afraid of , be good at, I’m good at cooking.

 

 

I’m used to using a desktop computer now.  notebook computer, laptop

I’m used to getting up early on Sunday morning

I wasn’t used to using a desktop computer.

I wasn’t used to getting up early on Sunday morning.

 

I often talk in public. I don’t mind talking in public because I have taught for 15 years. Now I’m used to it. I’m used to talking in public.

 

 

We can also use get used to to talk about things become more familiar.

It was difficult at first, but I soon got used to getting up early.

Because I have to teach on Sunday morning, I had to get used to getting up early.

 

 

簡單來說是這樣,但是語言這種東西通常是很難說得懂解釋的清楚的,哈哈,所以最好的方式就是記住用法,不要光去背片語的中文意思,過去習慣於,現在習慣於,這樣其實很容易混淆,最好的方式就是多閱讀一些例子,真正理解後,自己多寫多練習,多看文章裡面怎麼用,熟能生巧  Practice makes perfect. 真的是一個討厭的事實,不過就是真的就是多練習,就會比較有概念囉,加油:)

 

 

A

S + used to + V1:曾經…, 從前…, 過去經常

用來表達過去的習慣或過去的狀況,但是現在已經不存在了,從前固定做某件事,經常性的動作,但是現在不做了,後面接的是動詞原形。假如要表示現在的習慣會用現在簡單式。

這個句型是: 主詞 + used to + 動詞原型 (base form/V1)

 

used 在這裡是 use 的過去式 used

 

to 在這裡是不定詞的 to ,所以後面要加動詞原型

 

used to 在這裡指的是過去經常性的動作或事實或習慣等,兩個字不可以拆開

 

I used to drive to work every day, but these days I usually go by bike.

我從前每天開車上班,但是最近我通常都騎腳踏車。(現在不開車了)

 

We used to live in a small village, but now we live in Taipei.

我們從前住在一個小村莊,但是我們現在住台北。(現在不住小村莊)

 

表達過去習慣的used to 句型

 

表示過去經常性動作或習慣或狀態,現在已經沒有這樣的習慣或狀態。

 

句型:主詞+used to+動詞原形 (S + used to + V1)

 

  1. 肯定句 S + used to + V1:過去曾經…

 

He used to play basketball five days a week before he hurt his leg.

他腳受傷前,他曾經一個星期打五天籃球。once a week, twice a week, three times a week

 

I used to smoke a lot, but I quit a few years ago.

我從前抽煙很兇,但是我幾年前戒了。

 

I used to swim a lot, but now I don’t swim very often.

我從前常常游泳,但是現在我不常游泳。

 

We used to live in a small town, but now we live in Taipei.

我們過去住在一個小鎮,但是我們現在住台北。

 

He used to like fish, but he never eats it now.

他從前很喜歡魚,但他現在完全都不吃魚。

 

She used to smoke, but she gave it up.

她以前抽煙,但是她戒煙了。

 

You don’t come and see me like you used to.

你現在都不來看我了,不像你從前那樣。

 

There used to be an elementary school here, but they knocked it down.

這裏從前有一個小學,但是他們把它拆了。

 

I used to go to the gym three times a week.

我從前一個星期去三次健身房。

 

 

因為這裡是表示過去的習慣或經常做的事,但是現在不做了,所以常會有跟現在的比較。假如現在還這麼做的話就不用 used to +V1 這個用法,就會用現在簡單式表示。

 

I go to the gym three times a week.

我一個星期上三次健身房。

 

 

 

  1. 否定句 S + didn’t use to + V1 / S + didn’t used to + V1

 

否定句,過去不做某件事,除了用 never 的用法,也可以用助動詞 did 加上 not ,口語多用 didn’t 加上原型的 use 來表示否定。 never used to do

 

主詞 +  didn’t use to + V1 (動詞原型)

 

 

I didn’t use to drink coffee at breakfast, but now I always have coffee in the morning.  ( I didn’t used to drink coffee.)

 

I never used to drink coffee at breakfast, but now I always have coffee in the morning.

 

我從前不在早餐的時候喝咖啡,但是我現在總是在早上喝咖啡。

 

(Azar文法書指出didn’t use to 跟 didn’t used to 都可以,但比較常見的是never used to)

 

We didn’t use to have computers.

我們從前沒有電腦。

 

I didn’t use to like him.

我從前不喜歡他。

 

He didn’t used to smoke.

他從前不抽煙的。(暗示現在有抽菸)

 

I didn’t use to follow politics, but now I check headlines online every day.

我從前不關心政治,但是現在我每天都看線上頭條新聞。

 

英式英文會用 主詞 + used not to + V1 (動詞原型)

Buses used not to stop here.   Bus didn’t used to stop here.

公車從前不停這裡。

 

假如要說過去從來都不做某件事的話則可以用

 

主詞 + never used to + V1 (動詞原型)

I never used to play sports, but now I like to keep fit. stay healthy

我過去從來不做運動,但是現在我喜歡健身。

 

I never used to worry about money, but I do now.

我過去從來都不擔心錢的問題,但是我現在會。

 

She never used to watch cartoons, but now she watches with her children every night.

她過去從來都不看卡通,但是她現在每天晚上都跟她孩子一起看。

 

 

另外非正式的用法時會用 主詞 +  didn’t used to + V1 (動詞原型)

I didn’t use to drink coffee, but now I always have coffee.

我從前不喝咖啡,但是現在我總是在喝咖啡。

 

I didn’t used to drink coffee, but now I always have coffee.

我從前不喝咖啡,但是現在我總是在喝咖啡。

 

I never used to drink coffee, but now I always have coffee.

我從前不喝咖啡,但是現在我總是在喝咖啡。

 

(Azar文法書指出didn’t use to 跟 didn’t used to 都可以,但比較常見的是never used to)

 

 

  1. 疑問句 Did + S + use to + V1? / Did + S + used to + V1?

疑問句:過去式一般動詞的疑問句把助動詞 did 放到主詞前面,加動詞原型 use to + V1 (動詞原型)

Did + 主詞 + use to + V1 (動詞原型) ?

 

 

Did you use to live in Paris? (Did you used to live in Paris?)

你從前住在巴黎嗎?

 

Did you use to fight with your brother? (Did you used to fight?)

你從前常跟你的弟弟打架嗎?

 

Did Tom use to live in New York?

湯姆曾經住在紐約嗎?

 

Did you and your friends use to play at the playground as kids?

你跟你的朋友小時候都會在遊樂場玩嗎?

 

Did you use to go to church regularly?

你從前固定上教堂嗎?  religious, No offense.  offend  ,

 

Did this building use to be a hotel?

這棟建築物過去是間飯店嗎?

 

What video games did you use to play when you were a kid?

I didn’t use to play video games, but now I play League of Legends every day.

你小時候都玩什麼電動?

我從前不玩電動,但是我現在每天打英雄聯盟。

 

What music did you use to listen to when you were little?

I used to listen to rock music a lot, but now I prefer classical music.

你小時候聽什麼樣的音樂?

我從前常聽搖鼓樂,但是我現在比較喜歡古典樂。

 

B

S + be used to + V-ing/Noun:習慣於某件事,很熟悉

由於經驗的關係,對某件事不再感到驚訝,奇怪或困難,所以已經習慣於某件事。 表達對於某件事是熟悉的,不再覺得陌生或不習慣現在習慣,某件事不是新事物,也不陌生,後面接的是現在分詞(動詞原形+ing)的動名詞或名詞

 

 

主詞 + be動詞 + used to + V-ing (動詞原型加上ing 的動名詞) 或名詞的這個句型中文意思是某件事變得熟悉,不再陌生。可能到一個新地方,熟悉新的事物。或者做一些過去沒有做的事情,所以現在已經習慣了某事。

 

這個用法可以用在不同時態

用在現在簡單式表示已經習慣於某件事

句型:主詞+be used to +現在分詞/名詞

 

  1. 肯定句:S+ be used to + V-ing/N

 

I do the dishes every day, so I’m used to it.

我每天都洗盤子,所以我已經習慣了。

 

His new job is very busy and he is used to working late until 10 or 11 p.m.

他的新工作非常忙,他已經習慣於工作到十點,十一點。

 

I’m used to the weather in Taipei.

我習慣台北的天氣了。(可能我在國外住很久,剛回來很不習慣,但現在習慣了)

 

I’m used to driving on the right because I have lived in Taiwan for a long time.

我很習慣開車開右邊,因為我住台灣很久了。

 

We’re used to getting up early. We do it every day.

我們已經習慣早起了。我們現在每天都早起。

 

I’m used to living alone.

我已經習慣一個人住了。

 

I have a hangover now. I drank too much last night. I’m not used to drinking so much.

我現在宿醉。我昨天晚上喝太多了。我不習慣喝那麼多。

 

He is used to the weather in Taiwan.

他已經習慣了台灣的天氣。

 

We’re used to tourists here – we get thousands every year.

我們這裏很習慣了觀光客 – 我們每年有數千的觀光客來。

 

National Palace Museum , Shilin Night Market

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. 否定句:S + be + not + used to + V-ing/N

 

現在式否定在 be動詞 am/is/are 後面加 not 表示現在還是不習慣於某件事

Nancy has a new job. She has to get up much earlier now than before. She finds this difficult because she isn’t used to getting up so early.

南希有個新工作。她現在必須要比從前早起的多。她覺得這很難因為她不習慣這個早起。

 

過去簡單式的否定在be動詞 was/were 後面加 not 表示過去不習慣於某件事

I wasn’t used to wearing contacts. It seemed very strange at first.

我(在過去)不習慣帶隱形眼鏡。剛開始感覺很怪。

 

He wasn’t used to the heat and he caught sunstroke.

他當時不習慣酷熱他中暑了。

 

 

He isn’t used to driving on the left.

他不習慣開車開左邊。(現在還是不習慣)

 

He wasn’t used to driving on the left, but now he’s used to it.

他先前不習慣開左邊,但是他現在習慣了。

 

 

也可以用來表達過去不習慣某件事,就會用過去式的 be動詞的句型

I wasn’t used to the cold weather when I first got here.

 

  1. 疑問句: Be + S + used to + V-ing/N

 

Are you used to your new school?

你習慣於你的新學校了嗎?

 

Are you used to working late?

你習慣加班了嗎?

 

 

C

get used to +V-ing/N

 

其實 get used to 的用法跟 be used to 相似,但是 get 是一般動詞,這裡有變得越來越熟悉…的意思,可以用在不同時態,否定句跟疑問時句型會不同。假如正在變習慣中可以用現在進行式,已經習慣了就用過去簡單式

 

get used to + V-ing/N 用來表示某件事情變得越來越熟悉,跟 be used to + V-ing/N 的用法類似,表示已經習慣於,熟悉某事,對某事不再陌生。在不定詞或其他助動詞後面多會用 get used to + Ving/N 這個句型。

 

I wasn’t used to cooking in the morning.

But after a lot of practice, I got used to cooking in the morning.

Now I’m used to cooking in the morning.

 

已經熟悉後就會用過去簡單式來表達已經熟悉某件事

It was difficult at first, but Mike soon got used to working at night.

剛開始很難,但是麥可很快地就習慣了在晚上工作。

 

可以搭配不同時態,在助動詞後面用動詞原型

After her husband died, the old woman had to get used to living on her own.

在她的老公過世後,那個老婦人必須習慣自己過生活。

 

Our new apartment is on a busy street. I expect we’ll get used to the noise, but at the moment it’s very disturbing.

我們的新公寓在繁忙的街上。我想我們會習慣這些噪音,但是目前這讓我們感到很困擾。

 

I can’t get used to getting up so early. I’m tired all the time.

我沒辦法這麼早起。我總是很累。

 

 

句型:主詞+ be getting used to+現在分詞/名詞  或 主詞 + got used to +現在分詞/名詞

 

  1. 肯定句:S + be1+ getting used to + V-ing/N or   S + got used to + V-ing/N

 

He is getting used to the weather.

他正在慢慢適應習慣天氣。

 

He got used to the weather.

他對天氣感到習慣了。(剛開始可能不適應)

 

 

 

D

現在簡單式用來表達現在的狀況或習慣

 

Andrew lives in London.

安德魯住在倫敦

 

Peter usually wears jeans.

彼得總是穿牛仔褲

 

Mike doesn’t smoke anymore.

麥可不再抽煙

 

 

 

 

G

過去簡單式與used to的比較

 

When he was young, he ran three miles every day.

他年輕的時候,每天跑3英里。(現在可能每天跑3英里,也可能沒有跑)

 

When I was young, I used to run three miles every day. I don’t do that now.

我年輕的時候,每天跑3英里。我現在沒有這麼做了。

 

I used to drink a lot. = I drank a lot.

 

 

 

 

練習1

 

1 他很緊張因為他不習慣在大眾面前說話。

He is nervous because he isn’t used to speaking in public.

2 他從前是在義大利餐廳工作嗎?

Did he use to work in an Italian restaurant.

3 我喝汽水就好了。我不習慣喝酒。

I’ll drink a soda. I’m not used to drinking alcohol. / alcoholic (adj)

4 我從前騎摩托車上學,但是我現在搭捷運。

I used to ride a scooter to school, but now I take the MRT.

5 我從前習慣晚起,但是因為我現在每星期天早上都有課,我必須早起。剛開始我很不習慣早起。但是我現在已經習慣早起了。

I used to sleep in, but because I have classes on Sunday morning, I have to get up early. At the beginning, I wasn’t used to getting up early. But I’m used to getting up early now.

6 我從前睡覺前都喝一杯紅酒,但是我現在喝威士忌。

I used to drink a glasses of wine before bed, but now I drink whisky.

I used to drink a glasses of wine before go to bed (x)

I used to drink a glasses of wine before I went to bed.

What do you do after work? What do you do after you finish work?

What do you do after finish work? (X)

7 你小時候很調皮嗎?

Did you use to be naughty when you were a kid?

Were you naughty when you were a kid?

8 我從前每個夏天都去游泳,但是我現在太忙了,我很久沒去游泳了。

I used to go swimming every summer, but now I’m too busy. I haven’t swum for a long time. / I haven’t gone swimming for a long time. I haven’t seen you for a long time.

9 我以前留長頭髮。在我剛剪短髮時很不習慣,但是我現在已經習慣留短頭髮了。

I used to wear long hair. I wasn’t used to it when I cut my hair, but I’m used to wearing short hair.

homebody , How to get away with murder

10 我現前從來不喝咖啡,但是我現在一天喝十杯咖啡。

I never used to drink coffee, but now I drink ten cups of coffee a day.

 

 

1 He is nervous because he isn’t used to speaking in public.

2 Did he use to work in an Italian restaurant?

3 I’ll have a soda. I’m not used to drinking alcohol.

4 I used to ride a scooter to school, but now I take the MRT.

5 I used to sleep in, but because I have classes  on Sunday morning now, I have to get up early. I wasn’t used to getting up early, but I’m used to getting up early now.

6 I used to drink a glass of wine before bed, but now I drink whisky.

7 Did you use to be naughty when you were a kid?

8 I used to go swimming every summer, but I’m too busy now. I haven’t gone swimming for a long time.

9 I used to wear long hair. I wasn’t used to it after I cut it, but now I’m used to wearing short hair.

10 I never used to drink coffee, but I drink ten cups of coffee every day.

 

 

練習2

用括號中提示的動詞來完成句子,動詞可能須要做適當變化

 

  1. Jane is used to _____________ (drive) on the left.
  2. He used to ________ (live) in New York, but now he lives in a small town.
  3. Tom used to __________ (drink) a lot of coffee. Now he prefers tea.
  4. I feel very full after that meal. I’m not used to _________ (eat) so much.
  5. I wouldn’t like to share an office. I’m used to _________ (have) my own office.
  6. I used to ________ (have) a car, but I sold it a few months ago.
  7. When we were children, we used to ___________ (go) swimming every day.
  8. There used to __________ (be) a cinema here but it was knocked down a few years ago.
  9. I’m the boss here. I’ not used to ________ (be) told what to do.

from English Grammar in Use  Unit 60 P.121

  1. 我從前一星期游泳三次,但我現在我慢跑。(不游泳了)
  2. 他去年搬到台北。剛開始他覺得很寂寞,但是現在他已經習慣一個人住了。

 

 

 

練習題答案

 

1 driving

2 live

3 drink

4 eating

5 having

6 have

7 go

8 be

9 being

10 I used to swim three times a week, but now I go jogging.

11 He moved to Taipei last year. At first he felt lonely, but now he is used to living alone.

 

練習3

  1. Jane is American. She came to Britain and at first she found driving on the left difficult. When she arrived in Britain, she wasn’t used to driving on the left, but she soon got used to it. Now she has no problems. She is used to driving on the left.

珍是美國人。她剛到英國時覺得靠左邊開車很困難。當她抵達英國時,她還不習慣靠左邊開車,但是她很快就習慣了。現在她一點問題都沒有。她已經習慣靠左邊開車。

 

  1. Juan is Spanish and came to live in England. In Spain he always had dinner late in the evening, but in England dinner was at 6 o’clock. This was very early for him. When Juan first came to England, he _________________ dinner so early, but after some time he ________________ it. Now he finds it quite normal. He ___________________ at six o’clock.

璜是西班牙人來住在英格蘭。在西班牙,他總是晚上很晚才吃晚餐,在英格蘭晚餐是在六點。這對他而言非常的早,但是過了一段時間,他就習慣了。現在他覺得這很正常。他習慣了在六點餐吃晚餐。

 

  1. Julia is a nurse. A year ago she started working nights. At first she found it hard. At first Julia didn’t like it. She ____________________ nights and it took her a few months to _________________ it. Now, after a year, she’s quite happy. She _________________ nights.

茱莉亞是個護士。一年前她開始上晚班。起初她覺得很困難。剛開始茱莉亞不喜歡。她不習慣在晚上工作,過了幾個月她才習慣。現在,一年過後,她很開心。她習慣在晚上工作。

 

答案:

  1. wasn’t used to having, got used to, is used to having dinner
  2. wasn’t used to working, get used to, is used to working

 

 

整理文章的參考來源跟例句與練習出自

English Grammar in Use – Cambridge

Oxford Practice Grammar – Oxford

Interchange – Cambridge

British Council Learn English網頁的 ‘used to + infinitive’ and ‘be/get used to’

Cambridge Dictionaries Online

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

 

 

 

Did you use to fight with your brother ? 你以前常跟你弟打架嗎

Were you used to fighting with your brother ? 你以前習慣跟你弟打架嗎

 

I used to live in Sydney.  I lived in Sydney.   I live in Taipei.

I didn’t use to smoke, but now I smoke.

Did you use to smoke?

I’m used to doing yoga.

I’m not used to doing yoga.

Are you used to doing yoga?

2 thoughts on “used to do 跟 be used to doing 的用法與不同

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